About your Search

20121002
20121010
STATION
FOXNEWS 16
CSPAN 13
CNN 6
CNNW 6
CSPAN2 6
MSNBC 4
MSNBCW 4
WHUT (Howard University Television) 4
KCSM (PBS) 2
KPIX (CBS) 2
KQED (PBS) 2
KRCB (PBS) 2
WETA 2
KTVU (FOX) 1
( more )
LANGUAGE
English 86
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 87 (some duplicates have been removed)
>> rose: we begin evening with anders fogh rasmussen, he's the secretary general of nato. this conversation was recorded on friday while he was attending the united nations general assembly. >> by the end of 2013 we will have-- 2014 we lch 352,000 afghan security forces and even more importantly quality wise they will be very capable. some time ago i visited afghanistan myself and i had an opportunity to observe with my own eyes afghan special operation forces in action and i was very impressed by what i saw. so the taliban miscalculate the situation if they think their situation will be better by the end of 2014. they will be faced with a very strong and capable afghan security force. >> rose: we continue by looking at a new project in brooklyn, it's a basketball arena and a development. it brought together interesting people, including mikhail prokhorov and irina prok rovea his sister, bruce ratner the developer and karen brooks hop hopkins. >> i think the barkley center is in keeping with the spirit of brooklyn. >> wh n what way? >> it's like very energetic and you kno
between international forces and their afghan colleagues. that stark admission by nato secretary general a surge of inside era being at thatting in the war torn country and he has pledged to do everythg possible to rebuild relations between the supposed allies. more than 50 soldiers from the nato led coalition have been killed so far this year by members of the afghan army or police or people wearing their uniforms. on saturday five people died when us and afghan soldiers exchanged fire in the eastern province of nordag. details are unclear but it is thought u.s. gun soldiers started the gun fight when they mistakenly believed they were under fire from afghan troops and fogh pledged action to stop insider attacks. >> this strategy aims at undermining trust and confidence and to a certain degree also has succeeded in that and this is the reason why we have taken and will continue to take preventive measures to avoid such insider attacks. >> he says nato will tighten recruitment procedures for afghan soldiers and gather better intelligence on insurgents. he stressed there would be no chang
. >>> the head of nato has acknowledged that the organization is experiencing challenging times in afghanistan. secretary general anders fogh rasmussen says insider attacks have damaged trust between nato troops and their afghan partners. >> obviously this strategy aims at undermining trust and confidence and to a certain degree it has also succeeded in that. >> afghan soldiers and police or people wearing their uniforms have killed more than 50 coalition soldiers this year. rasmussen said nato commanders are taking added precautions when recruiting afghan personnel. and they're working to improve intelligence gathering on insurgents. he said there's no change in plans to withdraw all nato troops from afghanistan by the end of 2014. >>> finance ministers will take on a challenge many have taken on over the years. how to deal with social problems in the middle east. ministers will meet next week in tokyo consider creating a fund to stimulate business and increase jobs in arab nations. the g-8 ministers have given their backing to the arab spring democracy movements in tunisia and egypt. they ag
saakashvili did. we want to go further towards european union and nato. >> thank you very much for that. staying in moscow, a russian court has postponed the punk band pussy riot's appeal after one of them fired her lawyer. they have been given nine days to find a new lawyer. the anti-kremlin trio have been sentenced to two years in jail on a number of charges including disturbing the peace. they staged a protest against vladimir putin earlier this year. >> the women from pussy riot came to the appeal hearing without any great expectations that they would be released, but what came next was surely a shock. one of the trio had decided to break with the defense team. >> i do not exactly know what has happened. we met of three women on friday. one of them confirmed we would continue to work together. something must have happened over the weekend. >> the lawyers believe someone may have pressured her to create discord between the women and their legal representatives. sticking by their story that they did not commit a crime when they staged a protest in the moscow cathedral. >> my client as
n.a.t.o. members. while the nationalities of the troops have yet to be confirmed most of the troops are american. relations between international forces and afghan partners have been reached to a breaking point. >> cenk: indeed, but nonetheless that has never stopped warmonger john mccain. and he gave us this dribble. >> we're leaving and they're making the appropriate adjustments. he's consistently overridden the advice of recommendations of our military leaders, and the chickens are coming home to roost there. >> cenk: wait a minute chickens coming home to roost? are youare you malcolm x? reverend wright? you're saying that we deserved to be attack? he doesn't listen to his commanders, go to general john alan, the top commander in afghanistan and he's incredible about the attacks. watch. >> should americans brace themselves for more attacks? is this going to continue? >> it will. the enemy recognizes this is a vulnerableage. iraq, the signature weapon we hadn't seen before was the i.e.d. we had to adjust to that. here i think the signature attack that we're beginning to see is goi
border squirmish. there is a problem with the nato charter and treaty. nato ambassadors are right now trying to decide what should be done next. an international situation is escalating. and the response from washington is coming up. plus, we will speak with representatives from each campaign. the democrats and the republicans on this historic night as fox reports live from the university of denver ahead of the first presidential debate in this election from the journalists of fox news, this is is "the fox report." mike rowe here at a ford dealer with a little q&a for fiona. tell me fiona, who's having a big tire event? your ford dealer. who has 11 major brands to choose from? your ford dealer. who's offering a rebate? your ford dealer. who has the low price tire guarantee... affording peace of mind to anyone who might be in the market for a new set of res? your ford dealer. i'm beginning to sense a pattern. buy four select tires, get a $60 rebate. use the ford service credit credit card, get $60 more. that's up to $120. where did you get that sweater vest? your ford dealer. droid doe
dressed in afghan uniforps turn their fire on nato forces. we'll go to lieutenant oliver north who is on the ground there. i understand you are a special nato operation base near cabul. >> we are indeed. i am so glad to hear you put it the way you did. not all so-called green on blue atax are perpetrated by the afghan security forces. in many cases they are conducted by people wearing unithat they don't deserve to have. we have been embodied with a half cosen or betterus traito and afghan units that are deal the threat. this is what we have heard the last several days. today we traveled to a remote outpost. i asked the leader about the affects of the incident. >> the after math of these events. have they come and said they are sorry about what happened? >> yes, sir, we are part of the village and our loss is kind of their loss and they felt it just as much as we did. we fight side by side. i picked them up when they were done and they picked us up when they were done. >> this little town in the province is one of the bloodiest places on the plan yet today protected by oafgan local
said karzai should focus on what nato troops have done in sacrifice for helping his country. >> it would be helpful if the president would express his thanks for the sacrifices that were made by those who fought and died for afghanistan rather than critize . >> panetta offering up his thoughts in a trip to peru. he will head to brussels for the talks on the road ahead in afghanistan and continuing troop withdrawals. >>> and attackings by members of the afghan forces against the nato troops is raising concerns it has strained relations and serious lease undermined nato trust in afghan partners. oliver north is joiningugs near kabul, afghanian where he is embedded with special opposition forces. the insider attacks. >> these are young americans. >>> and killed more than 50 ally troops including 30 americans. what impact is that having on the front line there? >> uma, they continue to fight. and what we have seen in the ground and we have that for you here is a different story than what we are getting back from the main stream media. today we tramped to a remote outpostwhere th
discussion in u.s. and nato policy on how to pull out. >> i wanted to introduce to you, sir, just last weekend the number of americans killed in afghanistan hit 2,000. is there a point at which the cost just becomes too great and we pull out. are we already there? >> well, i think the american people have backed off this struggle. two thirds of americans don't support it. they're running 6 or 7 billion a month. this year, we have lost a company-sized unit from nato, killed or wounded by afghanistan security forces. so the trust has eroded between nato and the troops. so i think again, we're headed towards the door. does it revert to civil war when we're out, or can the government resort to civil war? >> well, you bring up nato. and the actions have is stopped them from working with the afghans. the mission was to get in there, train the afghans to lead the country in a position that they could take care of it themselves. so what is the mission now for nato? >> well, there is a good argument, the taliban said that hey, the americans are trying to wait out their position, we're trying to
in the north and says that is a precursor to invasion. nato top official says the alliance is ready to defend turkey for a tillry and mortar fire from syria continues. correspondent leland vittert has details from jerusalem. >> lined up in fighting position, turkish artillery pointed guns toward the syrian border. five of the last six days, they have returned fire against syrian positions. with tensions between the country increasing turkey trucked in reinforcements and reportedly deployed f-16 jets to the border region. today, the country commanderring general inspected the troop and the nato secretary-general promised help if turkey needs it. >> we have all necessary plans in place to protect and defend turkey. >> once an ally of the syrian president bashar assad, turkey flip support to the rebels. and now provides a safehane for fighters. >> -- safe haven for fighter fighters. the wail of ambulances signals more wounded rebels coming from life-saving treatment in turkey. much of the ammunition and weapons use in the rebel street to street combat comes across the same border, flowing in to
behind their ally. they have warned the united states, turkey and the other nato allies they will not allow the kind of humanitarian corridors or no-fly zone or any type of intervention the way things began in libya. the other thing we learned is a number of the fighters inside syria are not necessarily syrians fighting for their freedom. but foreign fighters. hezbollah confirmed one of their leaders and several of their men have been killed inside of syria doing quote their jihadist duty whether they are they were fighting alongside the syrian forces or their own militia. a lot of outside help going to help prop up syrian president bashar al-asaad. bill: a top democratic pollster accusing the media of protecting the president. >> any other president democrat or republican would be crucified while the council was still smoking to go to las vegas for a fundraiser instead of being in the oval office doing his job. bill: is the white house getting special treatment from the white house, from the press? fair and balanced debate on that. martha: top lawmakers are accusing the
the lead role in defending against attacks like the taliban assault on the u.s. embassy in kabul. nato officials say afghans now participate in 90% of military operations. >> that is cause for optimism says analyst michael o'hanlon of the brookings institute. >> if you give them a gun and tell them where the enemy is and ask you them to maybe cover for each other as they move from rock to rock or building to building, they can do that kind of simple stuff because they are fighters. >> yet afghan forces remain vulnerable. last month they failed to stop a suicide bomber from killing 12 foreigners in kabul. 11 years after u.s. troops and allies topped the taliban, afghan forces are still unable to hold their own against the determined enemy. charlie d'agata, cbs news, afghanistan. >> jeff: we'll be back. >> jeff: the auses tree an skydiver felix baumgartner will attempt a record high jump leaping from 23 miles up. he hopes breaking the speed of sound along the way. mark strassmann will be watching. >> reporter: felix baumgartner leap of faith back in july was the skydive from 96,000 feet,
break out and the government collapsed when nato troops withdrawn in 2014. the brussels-based groups has highlighted elections scheduled for 2014 are likely to be fraudulent unless president karzai does more. to ensure a more. for more on this i'm joined by andrew north in kabul. -- the 2014 elections are likely to be fraudulent unless does more torter nikarzai ensure fairness. >> perhaps what is most significant about the report is the reaction to it from many western critics of the government an. on the afghan government side, they see this as part of a continuing campaign of pressure. it comes just days after president karzai lashed out at the foreign media over what he called psychological warrant over the gloomy predictions that are coming out almost by the day over what's going to happen after the-2014 would drawlthe- -- president karzai lashed out at the foreign media over what he called psychological war over the gloomy predictions that are coming out almost every day, after the 2014 withdrawal. western leaders are trying to manage expectations back in the u.k. and other places.
. and on this, there will be no flexibility with vladimir putin. i will call on our nato allies to keep the greatest military alliance in history strong by honoring their commitment to each devote 2% of their gdp to security spending. today, only three of the 28 nato nations meet this benchmark. i will make further reforms to foreign assistance, to create incentives for good governance, for free enterprise, and for greater trade in the middle east and beyond. i will organize all efforts in the greater middle east under one official, with responsibility and accountability to prioritize efforts and to produce results. i will rally our friends and our allies to match our generosity with their, and i will make it clear to the recipients of our aid that in return for our material support, they must meet the responsibilities of every decent, modern government, to respect the rights of all the citizens, including women and minorities, to ensure civil society, a free media, political parties, and an independent judiciary, and to abide by international commitments to protect our diplomats and o
the bomber was wearing an afghan police uniform. meanwhile, the head of nato has revealed western forces may withdraw from afghanistan sooner than expected. in an interview with "the guardian" newspaper, anders fogh rasmussen admitted the killings of about 50 troops so far this year by afghan have damaged the relationship between the international forces and afghan police and military. in the meantime, the u.s. has all but written off working out a peace deal with the taliban. we are joined by by afghan haves to talk about this. she has written several books on afghanistan. welcome to democracy now! 2000, the number of u.s. soldiers killed in afghanistan. >> there is a question of when the actual milestone was reached. we are hearing from some media that it was this past weekend. "the new york times" said it was last august. cbs news said it was last june. even when the count gets there is up for grabs, but what is more important, that speaks to the fact that the counting is not the point. the 2000 u.s. soldier is no more or less important than the first for the 17th or the 129th. what is le
to implement their own improvements under pressure and stepping in to help. at the end of 2014, the nato-led combat mission will end. the international community will, however, continue to provide financial and practical support to the ansf and the government of afghanistan, as promised in chicago and tokyo. the insurgent leadership are realizing they cannot achieve their political aims by military means alone. after a decade of exile, the message is clear -- cash in your chips and join the political process or face another decade or more away from their homes. challenges still remain as afghanistan emerges from three decades of conflict. but as districts and provinces moved through transition, we're seeing the government of afghanistan assume more responsibility. it was said just a few weeks ago, this is a war with the purpose and for isaf, forces, a war with an end. we all understand the purpose -- to prevent afghanistan once again from harboring aq and other international terrorists who threaten all of our nations. we look forward to finishing isaf, operations at the end of 2014, conf
in afghanistan as we also work with our nato allies who are there strengthening us and we need to grow our military. we cannot afford to lose against al qaeda and the shia extremists who are still there, still fighting us, but we're getting closer and closer to victory. and it would be a travesty if we quit now in iraq. >> senator? >> gwen, with all due respect, i didn't hear a plan. barack obama offered a clear plan. shift responsibility to iraqis over the next 16 months. draw down our combat troops. ironically the same plan that maliki, the prime minister of iraq and george bush are now negotiating. the only odd man out here, only one left out is john mccain, number one. number two, with regard to barack obama not quote funding the troops, john mccain voted the exact same way. john mccain voted against funding the troops because of an amendment he voted against had a timeline in it to draw down american troops. and john said i'm not going to fund the troops if in fact there's a time line. barack obama and i agree fully and completely on one thing. you've got to have a time line to draw d
between turkey and syria? turkey is a member of nato. >> absolutely. well, that is the biggest international amplication for the united states because, of course, as a charter member of nato. we are oh liked under provisions of the treaty that 27 other members of the alliance have signed to defend turkey if it is attacked by anyone. it is -- it is not professional. it is attack against one. it is attack against all. we have seen consultations also week with regard to the cross-border shelling. earlier in june, there were consultations as well under various treaty to assure the turk that's the alliance would be there to defend them. now on the syrian side, of course, you have the support of the iranian government. there are many reports that iranian revolutionary guard forces are fighting with the syrian armed forces both in the, in the direct action against citizens in syria, but also, perhaps engaged in terrorist activities in turkey, so you can see this potential nor war to spill out and become really a conflict from being a conflict between the west and syria, between iran a
to be open at that point and he had lost interest a little bit at columbia and went to nato to defend that nato's forces and so forth but he did an outstanding job at columbia and he would have gone on to do an outstanding job except he had a higher calling. >> david as i recall rather early in your book you say that you saw ike's reputation editing someone. do you still feel that way? >> well live look, in fact the connection with grants to me is very interesting. i think we look back nostalgically on world war ii in this great unqualified success and so i think the one thing we have not recognized both i believe in voters and the electorate in the 1950's did recognize is that we were really undergoing a post-war reconstruction period and the 1940s and 1950's so the parallel between eisenhower and grant, lincoln and roosevelt is a very compelling one and i think another reason that people have not focused on this parallel is because of ulysses s. grant's reputation and i remember that subject by all people -- was a friend of ours and came to visit us when julie's dad was in the white
in afghanistan and chechn chechnya. >> rick: a number of afghan soldiers attacking nato soldiers is on the rise but to troops on the ground the green on blue attacks as they are called are much more complicated than a appear in reports. fox news senior military analyst oliver north is at a special operations base near kabul, afghanistan. colonel? >> reporter: there are a lot of these kinds of events that do occur out here, no doubt about it. but, the fact is most of the casualties inflicted are not on nato and u.s. forces, it is on the afghans themselves. we've been to several bases where a small number of special operators are out training the afghan local police, and, security personnel, and here's just some of what we have seen the last several days. today we traveled to a remote out post, three marines were killed in a recent green on blue attack and i asked the element leader about the effects of the incident. >> in the aftermath of some of these other events, have any of them ever come to you and said, we are sorry about what happened? >> yes, sir. i -- we've become one of the village and
threats. on this, there will be no flexibility with vladimir putin. i will call on our nato allies to keep the greatest military alliance in history strong by honoring their commitment to each devote 2% of their gdp to security spending. today only 3 of 28 nato nations meet this benchmark. i will make further reforms to our foreign assistance to create incentives for good governance, for free enterprise and greater trade in the middle east and beyond. i will organize all assistance efforts in the greater middle east under one official with responsibility and accountability to prioritize efforts and produce results. i will rally our friends and allies to match our generosity with theirs and i will make it clear to recipients of our aid that in return for material support they must meet the responsibilities of every decent modern government to respect the rights of all their citizens, including women and minorities. to ensure space for civil society, a free media, political parties and an independent judiciary. and to abide by their international commitments to protect our diplomats and prop
. >>> overseas, nato secretary-general says there is a possibility western forces could be withdrawn from afghanistan more quickly than previously planned. they suggested the deadly spike of insider attacks has hit the morale of foreign troops serving in the war zone. u.s. military officials say an attack on saturday that killed two americans was especially unnerving as several afghan soldiers and possibly insurgents opened fire from several directions. nbc's chief foreign correspondent, richard engel, has been covering this war for almost the full 11 years. he filed this report from kabul. >> reporter: this woman is about to die. executed for adultery. the man she was with got off scot-free. the taliban recently filmed this video of their justice as a warning and to say they're making a comeback. some 30 miles away in the village, we saw few signs of what the u.s. would consider progress in afghanistan and no evidence that the american plan to hand over to a credible, stable afghan government will work. these village elders tell me once u.s. troops leave, a civil war will begin, and u.s.
that landed in a turkish border down killing civilians. nato held an emergency meeting to asking syria to end the violations of international law. >> reporter: turkey took action against syria after a deadly shelling from the syrian side hit a turkish border town. among the dead a 6-year-old boy. several people were also injured including a police officer. turkey says it retaliated in points in syria detected with radar. the united states is in contact with turkish officials. >> it's a very dangerous situation. all responsible nations need to band together to persuade the assad regime to have a cease-fire. >> reporter: parts of the syrian city of lipo laid in rubles. following four explosions. syrian state tv said three suicide bombers detonated cars packed with explosives killing 34 people. three blasts went off within minutes of each other near military officer's club. a fourth struck near the chamber of commerce. the city has become one of the biggest battlegrounds in the 18 month fight between rebels and government forces. syria's parliament condemned the bombings referring to the rebels
he can to stop the insurgence. nato officials say they remain committed to the military effort in afghanistan but are concerned about the attacks. >>> the world hunger crisis is not as bad as previously thought. in 2009 they mistakenly thought 8 billion were hungry but the number has steadily declined. they blame poor data for the false projection and now they are using more accurate ways of projecting that number. >>> they have few new polls and candidates reaction, allison? >> reporter: a new people poll shows president barack obama with an 8 point lead last month. now this is a 3 point margin of error but here is mitt romney in rain soaked areas sounding very upbeat about a win in four weeks. >> i wonder why i am so confident we are going to win. i am confident because i see you here on a day like this, thank you so much. >> they are looking to payment the president on -- paint the president as weak. meanwhile they are taking aim at mitt romney's push to end subsidies for public broadcasting. >> it is not mitt romney you have to worry about,... >> i am going to stop the fund
to the surge of deadly attacks on nato troops by afghan soldiers in recent months, known as gray on blue attacks. senior military analyst oliver north is imbeddeded with u.s. special operation forces in afghanistan and, lieutenant colonel north is streaming live from just outside of kabul. colonel? >> reporter: gregg, there is a remarkable number of young americans, out here, who are in harm's way, they have taken on the mission of helping the afghans begin to defend themselves, knowing there is a deadline and that deadline was set by the commander-in-chief, that you a us combat force are going to be out of this country, by 2014. that has many people concerned and some think it is one of the reasons why the green on blue attacks have increased. here is just some of what we have been seeing on this trip. today we traveled to remote out post where three marines were killed on a green on blue attack, and, we asked effect of the incident. >> in the aftermath of the events, has anyone come and said, we are sorry about what happened? >> sir, we have become like one of the village, one of the p
believe that at least some of the 97 u.s. and nato troops murdered by afghan security forces over the past 30 years were killed because they were culturally insensitive. that's right. it was their own fault according to paul spur re the best way to deal with this is u.s. troops go through muslim sensitivity training to learn about stuff that is considered insulting in islam. like for example never show the bottom of boots while sitting or lying across from a muslim. avoid winking or cursing. >> but it is a tick. you can't help it. >> it is my tour retes. >> avoid exiting the shower without a towel. and spur resays many military officials are outraged with one senior army intelligence official telling him quote, the cultural affront excuse is a bunch of garbage. they are killing us because we are infidels occupying islamic lands. it is what the koran and every imam is telling them, and no amount of cultural sensitivity is going to stop that. i have to go to you matt. no matter what we do, whether it is -- if
is part of nato, so turkey could invoke the collective defense clause of that treaty and it would draw on the united states and other western allies to recollect and defend turkey if it gets into a war with syria. the other dynamic, the syrian rebels need help. it could be a point that syrian rebels launch shells at turkey to try and start a war that obviously they would get a lost help from going up against the common enemy, president bashar al-assad. >>trace: and the syrian rebel, how are they doing? >>guest: they have not been doing great but this week they did get some good news in an unusual victory. they took over a syrian air defense space which means they got the missiles inside that base, and if they can figure out how to use the missiles against president bashar al-assad's air force that could change changes because the air force was pugs away at rebels and now we see a nasty side to the rebels. they put out a video where they threatened to execute some 50 iranian hostages if others are not released by the syrian government, and the iranian government, who have been a biggest
on monday. . >> new reaction to the deadly attacks on n.a.t.o. troops by afghan soldiers, inside jobs, we've had too many in recent months and they're known as green on blue attacks, and fox news military analyst embedded with the special operation forces in afghanistan. colonel north outside of kabul. colonel? >> jamie, there are remarkably young americans on the ground confronting green on blue attacks and following the story since we've been back in country and been with special u.s. operators and here is just some of what we're seeing and hearing here in afghanistan. >> today we traveled to a remote outpost where three marines were killed in a green on blue attack and asked the special opes leader the effects of the incident. >> in the aftermath of some of these events have any come to you and said we're sorry about what happened? >> yes, sir, i mean, we've become like one of the village, one of the the populous and our loss is kind of their loss and they just as much as we did. we fight side by side, you know, i've picked these guys when they're down and we kind of pick them up when
, the head of nato said in an interview with the guardian newspaper that if the security situation allowed, he would not exclude the possible that in certain areas, withdrawal could be accelerated. all opings are on the able table, as they say, each peace. yet, not unlike the paris peace talks in 1973, to end the vietnam war, we are not likely to bomb the enemy interest a truce that will be honored. much of this may sound like defeatism, i daal realism, as the duke of willington said in 1815, a great country can have no such thing as a little war. >> eric: voter registration fraud in florida. the head of that embattled republican contractor is defending his work. but now, the democrats are under fire. more complaints being investigated by law enforcement. we will have the latest on the registration troubles on both sides, next. [ female announcer ] need help keeping your digestive balance? try the #1 gastroenterologist recommended probiotic. align. align naturally helps maintain digestive balance. ♪ ooh, baby, can i do for you today? ♪ try align today. >> eric: nows to the fox news vot
officials believe that at least some of the 97 u.s. and nato troops murdered by afghan security forces over the past 30 years were killed because they were culturally insensitive. that's right. it was their own fault according to paul spur re, the best way to deal with this is u.s. troops go through muslim sensitivity training to learn about stuff that is considered insulting in islam. like for example, never show the bottom of boots while sitting or lying across from a muslim. avoid winking or cursing. >> but it is a tick. you can't help it. >> it is my tour retes. >> avoid exiting the shower without a towel. and spur resays many military officials are outraged with one senior army intelligence official telling him, quote, the cultural affront excuse is a bunch of garbage. they are killing us because we are infidels occupying islamic lands. it is what the koran and every imam is telling them, and no amount of cultural sensitivity is going to stop that. i have to go to you, matt. no matter what we do, whether it is -- if we cover the feet, they are still going to hate us. if we don't sneeze
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 87 (some duplicates have been removed)